Execution by Firing Squad in Indonesia

| April 28, 2015 | 1 Comment

On Tuesday, April 28, 2015, Overseas Filipino Worker, Mary Jane Veloso was among several foreign prisoners, including two Australians, who were sentenced to be executed by firing squad in Indonesia. She was found guilty by an Indonesian court in 2010 for smuggling illegal drugs.

However, the 30-year-old single mother insisted she was a victim of a drug syndicate. She was arrested at the Yogyakarta Airport on April 25, 2010.

Firing Squad

Mary Jane Veloso was sentenced to death this year in Indonesia by firing squad for drug-related charges.

The common capital punishment method used in Indonesia is executed by firing squad. In 2006, Fabianus Tibo, Dominggus da Silva and Marinus Riwu were executed in 2006. Nigerian drug smugglers Samuel Iwachekwu Okoye and Hansen Anthoni Nwaolisa were executed in June 2008 in Nusakambangan Island. Five months later, three men convicted of the 2002 Bali bombing—Amrozi, Imam Samudra, and Ali Ghufron—were executed on the same spot in Nusakambangan.

In January 2013, a 56-year-old British woman was sentenced to execution by firing squad for importing a large amount of cocaine, she lost her appeal against her sentence in April 2013. In January 18, 2015, under the new leadership of Joko Widodo, 6 people who were convicted of producing and smuggling drugs into Indonesia who had been sentenced to death were executed at Nusa Kambangan Penitentiary shortly after midnight.

Meanwhile, the online news portal of TV5 shows how is a death row convict executed by firing squad in Indonesia. The simulation video shows how the death penalty is executed. Typically, 12 members of a special police action unit make up the firing squad. They stand 5 to 10 meters in front of the convict, who is blindfolded and whose hands are tied at the back.

Of the 12 members of the firing squad, only a random three are given live bullets. The rest shoot blanks, this is to spare the firing squad members of the personal burden of knowing who exactly shot the fatal bullet. An “X” is marked on the convict’s heart. Before the execution, the convict is asked how he or she wishes to be shot, while standing up, kneeling, or sitting down. The order to fire is given by an officer.

After the shots are fired, the commander of the squad checks to see if the convict is already dead. If the convict is still alive, the squad leader takes out his gun and finishes him/her off with a shot at close range.

According to Wikipedia, Execution by firing squad, sometimes called fusillading (from the French fusil, rifle), is a method of capital punishment, particularly common in the military and in times of war. Execution by shooting is a fairly old practice. Some reasons for its use are that firearms are usually readily available and a gunshot to a vital organ usually kills relatively quickly. Before the introduction of firearms, bows or crossbows were often used — Saint Sebastian is usually depicted as executed by a squad of Roman auxiliary archers in around 288 AD; King Edmund the Martyr of East Anglia, by some accounts, was tied to a tree and executed by Viking archers on 20 November 869 or 870 AD.

A firing squad is normally composed of several military personnel or law enforcement officers. Usually, all members of the group are instructed to fire simultaneously, thus preventing both disruption of the process by a single member and identification of the member who fired the lethal shot. To avoid the disfigurement of multiple shots to the head, the shooters are typically instructed to aim at the heart, sometimes aided by a paper target.

The prisoner is typically blindfolded or hooded, as well as restrained, although in some cases, prisoners have asked to be allowed to face the firing squad without their eyes covered. Executions can be carried out with the condemned either standing or sitting. There is a tradition in some jurisdictions that such executions are carried out at first light, or at sunrise, which is usually up to half an hour later. This gave rise to the phrase “shot at dawn”.

Illegal drugs are one of the causes that destroys the peace in the family and in the society. Once you get involved with this kind of crimes that destroys lives, hope, dreams and families, better prepare yourself for the consequences under the law and the constitution.

Category: News

Comments (1)

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  1. Erica says:

    Mary Jane Veloso has been saved from the execution. According to reports, the recruiter who tricked Veloso to bringing cocaine to Indonesia have surrendered to the authorities. With this, the Philippine government have appealed to Indonesia to keep Mary Jane alive so as to track and prosecute those that were behind drug trafficking which will be an advantage to both countries.

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